In this section, you will explore the following questions:

  • What are the roles of male and female reproductive hormones?
  • What is the link between the ovarian and menstrual cycles?
  • What events are associated with menopause?

Connection for AP® Courses

The information in this section is an application of concepts we learned when exploring the endocrine system in a previous chapter. The human male and female reproductive cycles are regulated by the interaction of hormones

In this section, you will explore the following questions:

  • What are the features of the human male and female reproductive anatomies?
  • What are the events associated with the human sexual response?
  • What are the differences and similarities between spermatogenesis and oogenesis?

Connection for AP® Courses

Much of the information in this section is not within the scope for AP®. You do not need to match a list of the different anatomical features of the male and female

In this section, you will explore the following questions:

  • What are the differences between internal and external methods of fertilization?
  • What are examples of methods animals use for development of offspring during gestation?
  • What are examples of anatomical adaptations that evolved in animals to facilitate reproduction?

Connection for AP® Courses

Sexual reproduction starts with the combination of a sperm and an egg in a process called fertilization. The methods of